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中文电影资料库博客 » Blog Archive » True North (2006)
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True North (2006)

True North (2006)

地区:英国/爱尔兰/德国
导演:Steve Hudson
主演:Peter Mullan, Martin Compston, Gary Lewis, Steven Robertson, Angel Li
True North (2006)
看完 True North,感觉很不好受。这是一部格调压抑阴郁的电影,然而从压抑到疯狂的爆发,缺少铺垫,让人觉得电影的结局有些突兀,好像是导演强加于电影中的角色的。可以感觉到导演的野心很大,很诚恳地希望传递严肃的讯息,但也许是过于概念先行,反而局限了角色,电影中的中国非法移民的角色,几乎沦为一个符号。然而电影最终没有什么清晰的信息传达出来,让人感觉导演象是他手下的角色一样,事情闹大后,除了疯狂地爆发,无法以其它办法收手了。

电影的开头显示出导演对非法移民这个话题的认识并非流于表面。我们看到的是一段录像,一个来自中国的非法移民对着镜头说在他的家乡,发展商征用他家的土地,然而许诺的二十万元赔偿没有兑现,他失去生计,又被政府迫害,不得不偷渡出境。第二个也说的类似的情况。第三个,是一个看上去只有十二三岁的女孩,脸色忧郁、流着泪说想来英国赚钱,赚很多钱。这时镜头外的男人打断女孩的话,说道“这样的故事英国移民局怎么会相信!”原来这三个人都是在蛇头指导下练习如何在偷渡到英国后申请政治避难。这样的处理让我对导演处理这个话题产生了希望。故事正式开始时,我们看到的是一条濒临破产的苏格兰拖网渔船来到比利时港口,船上四人:船长、船长的儿子Sean、老渔工Riley、和一个年轻的厨子,各怀心事。Sean 收了蛇头的钱,瞒着船长,把20个来自中国的非法移民带上渔船,关在舱下。渔船从比利时回到苏格兰只需一天,然而船长决定继续到海上捕鱼,这些非法移民中包括开头录像中的三个人,而其中的女孩没有被关在舱下,而是躲在机舱,最后遭遇年轻的厨子。在惊涛骇浪中,舱下的中国人渐渐支持不住了,于是Sean 的赚快钱的大计变得越来越无法收拾,面临抉择。

对我来说,最大的问题是,我无法接受这个小女孩存在的可信性:这样年纪的女孩,为什么会独自偷渡?即使真的可能独自偷渡,在这样的环境下,又怎么会如此天真纯洁无知到彷佛不知人间险恶?渐渐发现,导演只是拿她当作一个符号,可以说是一个天使--她完全不说英语正好显得她彷佛来自另一个世界--承受苦难,拯救船上男人失落的灵魂。船上男人当然只是四个苏格兰人,导演对待舱下中国非法移民的态度,也是如同符号--受苦受难被吞噬,让男主角愧疚、反省、或做出反常之举的无面目的符号而已。

True North (2006)

不过我愿意换一个视角--如果我们只关注船上的这四个苏格兰人,假设非法移民换成来自我所知甚少的来自非洲的--那么这部电影还是看得下去的,说不定还会欣赏加入小女孩这个角色。所以,这部电影刻画成功的,是导演比较熟悉的人物--面临可能失去渔船或者失业的不明前景的四个苏格兰人,在破旧而局促的渔船上的忧郁无望感,为以后的孤注一掷铤而走险做了铺垫。四个角色中,最有意思的还是老渔工Riley和年轻的厨子,其性格和形象比主角 Sean 和船长复杂和丰富。小女孩的出现,如果把她当作一个忽然降临的天使,那我也许可以暂时抛开角色的不可信性,她也确实给予了四个角色灵与肉的不同程度的救赎。实际上,我感觉这部电影藏着些宗教上的隐喻。Sean 受钱偷渡非法移民,那还是在“贪婪”的层面上;当他把一个舱下一个不支死去的中国非法移民扔下船时,那属于犯下了“原罪”(sin),难怪老渔工不愿意参与。面对自己犯下的“原罪”,需要接受什么样的惩罚?如果要给予自己救赎的机会,那需要做出什么样的牺牲?

True North (2006)

然而在整个旅程中,舱下的中国人,既无动机,也无机会述说自己的苦难和向往,完全成了导演表达意念的道具。电影虽然从非法移民开始,但想说一个更大的想法,反而走向迷失。但片子本身拍得还是不错,特别是海上渔船的拍摄,我愿意相信导演 Steve Hudson 以后能拍出更好的片子来。

True North 由英国/爱尔兰/德国联合制作,但可以说是一部苏格兰的电影,制作方除了有BBC Films外,还有 Scottish Screen 参与 -- 一个资助苏格兰电影制作与发行的半官方机构。还因为苏格兰电影的身份,得到两项 BFATA Scottish Awards 提名。

http://www.truenorth-film.com/

True North (2006)

本文发表在“桃花坞”

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