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中文电影资料库博客 » 王家卫
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《电影笔记》易手

《电影笔记》易手

刚看到一则消息说法国的《电影笔记》(Cahiers du Cinéma)已经转手,买主是英国出版社 Phaidon Press。《电影笔记》已经永久地和法国电影新浪潮联系在一起,不过近年来也面临生存的挑战。在被法国《世界报》(Le Monde)买下之后,一度试图“与时俱进”,扩展到电视领域,结果证明一旦离开自己核心价值,只会失去自己的竞争力。
不懂法语,所以从来没有看过《电影笔记》,但是曾托过一个在新浪电影论坛(很古老的时代了)上结识的影迷朋友买过一期有关中国电影的特刊,还在其中找到一幅王家卫电影《北京之夏》的海报。现在《电影笔记》已经有网络英文版,叫做 e-Cahiers du Cinéma,采取的收费模式。

与《电影笔记》对等的英国杂志,是《影像与声音》(Sight and Sound),针对的都是电影业内人士、学者、影评人和电影爱好者。除了电影新闻、评论和专题之外,还号称有所有在英国公映的电影的故事情节和评论。和《电影笔记》一样,这份杂志也面临着网络时代“职业影评人还有没有存在的必要?”这一命题。用杂志现任主编 Nick James的话说,商业大片(blockbuster)已经放弃争取影评人,只要有足够的宣传预算,就可以得到足够的曝光;商业烂片又没宣传预算的,干脆躲着影评人走;只有在艺术电影,影评人有时还有决定生死的权力--他特别点了《卫报》影评人 Peter Bradshaw 的名字。

我猜测《电影笔记》在法国的地位与此相似。事实上两份刊物的发行量也很接近。Sight and Sound 的发行量是2万份左右,但英国最畅销的电影杂志 Empire 就由19万;《电影笔记》的发行量是2.5万份。然而 Sight and Sound 是由英国电影协会(BFI)出版,有财政上的支持,但《电影笔记》就没有这么好命,要卖给总部在伦敦的出版社了。

1994 年,张曼玉停止拍摄电影。十年来她拍了超过70部电影电视,以香港电影工业疯狂的拍片进度,她一部接一部地赶戏,让她觉得自已“没有属于自己的人生”。她在拍动作片内时受过伤(应该是《警察故事2》),让她一直怕拍动作片,特别是香港电影不顾死活的吊钢丝特技。她特别提到让她最终因为“无法忍受”而停止拍片的是徐克的《青蛇》,整个拍摄期间阴雨不断,好不容易雨停了,徐克“又让我们(张曼玉王祖贤)泡水里拍戏”。最大的打击,还是在于导演的改戏,让她觉得自己在电影创作中完全是个局外人。《青蛇》改编自《白蛇传》,张曼玉一直以为在拍一部浪漫爱情戏。她认为徐克一开始也是这个想法,但后来可能对浪漫戏没有信心,最后还是回到自己擅长的动作喜剧了。拍片十年,有了些积蓄,却和家人朋友渐渐疏远,所以她决定暂时休息。

爱丁堡中国电影节(Cinema China 07)安排了一个叫做“张曼玉讲座”(Maggie Cheung Masterclass) 的节目。这次电影节由爱丁堡大学发起,大学有着很强的中国研究的基础,因此除了在选片上很见功力之外,整个活动的学术气氛也很浓。于是这个“张曼玉讲座” 不是“影迷见面会”,而是能让参与者对张曼玉的电影经历有比较深入的了解。
当然来的大部分还是张曼玉影迷,以至于在最后影迷提问时,会听到“我看过你的某某影片多少多少遍”、“我看着你长大”这样的话。主持人Mark Cousins 准备充分,包括剪好了多部张曼玉电影的片断,从花瓶时期的《警察故事》(1985)、到最早的“严肃作品”之一的《客途秋恨》(1990)、到国际成名的《阮玲玉》(1991)、以后的《新龙门客栈》(1992)、《甜蜜蜜》(1996)、转折时期的 Irma Vep (1996) 、再度大红大紫的《花样年华》(2000),以及最近的《英雄》(2002)。而张曼玉思路清晰、表情丰富、浑身散发着魅力,更重要的是能把多年从影,几度起伏之后,对电影和人生的感悟诚恳地表达出来。当然我还觉得她没有说令人生厌的卷舌头美国英语,也让观众中不少人增加更多好感吧。